The moon does not have soil like Earth. The dusty materials which covers its floor is known as regolith. This regolith has some completely different properties from soil — for instance, it has no micro organism or different residing matter, and it has much less nitrogen in it. Each of those are issues for rising vegetation as they want nitrogen to develop and life within the soil like worms assist to aerate it. Regolith additionally reacts otherwise to water than soil, because it tends to compact down as a substitute of absorbing it.
That is why many ideas for rising crops on the moon have recommended utilizing a hydroponic system, by which vegetation are grown in a nutrient-filled water as a substitute of soil, so they do not really come into contact with the regolith.
However it might be extra environment friendly to discover a means to make use of the moon’s regolith, relatively than carrying all the supplies required for hydroponics. The Solsys Mining system makes use of a mechanical sorting system and a chemical processing part, so the regolith passes via a collection of processes which extract the wanted vitamins from it. The extracted vitamins are then was a fertilizer which can be utilized in a hydroponic system.
This fashion, regolith will be processed and the helpful vitamins extracted from it, so the vegetation can develop within the hydroponic system and be fed by the fertilizer created from the available regolith.