Pretend Mars environments aren’t just for testing robots, although. Area companies like NASA additionally create pretend Mars environments for particular missions known as “analog research,” which take a look at how people would react to residing in a Mars-like setting.
The explanation that is obligatory is that the furthest people have traveled is to the moon, after which the astronauts solely stayed for a couple of days. A mission to Mars must be for much longer. The journey from Earth to Mars takes round seven months every method, and it must be made at a selected time when the planets’ orbits are carefully aligned. That implies that the almost definitely crewed Mars missions would see astronauts away from Earth for round two years.
Nobody is sort of certain what the psychological and well being results can be from being away from house for therefore lengthy. That is why NASA is making ready an analog research known as CHAPEA, or the “Crew Well being and Efficiency Exploration Analog,” wherein members will spend one full 12 months locked in a pretend Mars setting. Scientists will research how this impacts their well-being and their well being.
“The simulation will enable us to gather cognitive and bodily efficiency information to provide us extra perception into the potential impacts of long-duration missions to Mars on crew well being and efficiency,” stated the principal investigator of the CHAPEA mission, Grace Douglas. “In the end, this data will assist NASA make knowledgeable choices to design and plan for a profitable human mission to Mars.”