Early in 1919, as a part of the American power that invaded Haiti, Marine Corps pilot Lt. Lawson Sanderson used a canvas bag to carry a bomb in place on the underside of his Curtis JN-4 “Jenny” plane and commenced dive-bombing with success. The U.S. additionally flew British-designed, American-made de Havilland DH-4s throughout the identical battle.
Later that very same 12 months, the Military Air Forces confirmed off improved dive-bombing strategies seemingly gleaned from Sanderson’s feats. Shortly after that, it was used alongside the border throughout the Mexican Revolution. Mockingly, the primary acknowledged aerial fight state of affairs came about throughout the identical battle six years earlier in 1913 when two American pilots preventing on reverse sides shot at one another in mid-air with, of all issues, revolvers.
In 1926, the commanding officer for a Naval strike squadron started instructing his squad dive-bombing strategies. They coordinated a faux assault on ships within the fleet utilizing a Curtiss F6C-2 to show the soundness of the technique. This demonstration satisfied the Navy to design a biplane — the Martin XT5M-1 – made explicitly to outlive steep dives at terminal velocity with a large bomb nonetheless caught to its stomach.
The U.S. used dive-bombers once more in 1927 and 1928 whereas preventing the “Sandinistas” in Nicaragua. Briefly, the USA unabashedly favored this new type of aerial fight with vim and vigor wherever attainable. And it didn’t go unnoticed by Germany.